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If you have been injured in the UK by a healthcare professional including a doctor, dentist, nurse or technician in a surgery, hospital or clinic and would like to speak to a specialist medical negligence solicitor about Subdural Haematoma without further obligation, just use the helpline. A medical negligence lawyer who deals exclusively in personal injury claims involving clinical negligence will speak to you, giving free advice and information on how best to preserve your legal right to receive compensation as a result of injuries caused by medical negligence. We operate using the no win no fee* scheme and you will not have to fund or finance your claim in any respect. In the event that the claim is successful the other side will pay our legal charges and if we are not successful you pay nothing at all. You have nothing to lose in taking up our offer of free advice and there is no further obligation should you decide not to pursue a claim further. We offer a true professional risk free service and you will only ever deal with a qualified, specialist medical negligence solicitor who answers to the Solicitors Regulation Authority. Do yourself justice and call our offices today.
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A subdural haematoma is a collection of blood outside the brain but inside the dura mater or covering to the brain. It is usually caused from a fall at the same height or from a high height, a motor vehicle accident or from a motor vehicle accident. During the injury, the bridging veins get broken and bleed. The bleeding can be moderately fast or moderately slow, depending on how many bridging veins have broken. The biggest problem is that increased pressure builds up in the brain and there is further damage to the brain and the risk of the pressure causing herniation of the brain into the base of the skull, causing sudden death.
Subdural haematomas are worse in some cases than other brain injuries because it results in a greater amount of brain damage. People on blood thinners are more likely to have subdural bleeding because their bleeding does not easily stop. There is acute subdural bleeding in which the bleeding is fast. There is also subacute subdural haematomas, in which symptoms show up within a few days. There is a chronic subdural haematoma, which can exist in the brain unnoticed for months. Elderly people are at a greater risk for chronic subdural haematomas because their brains have shrunk to make room for the bleeding. Because of brain shrinkage, their bridging veins have stretched out so that they break easier.
Symptoms of subdural haematoma depend on how fast the bleeding happens. In an acute subdural haematoma, there might be sudden unconsciousness and coma. The person might slowly develop symptoms of confusion and gradual unconsciousness. In a slow growing subdural haematoma, there can be no symptoms for at least two weeks following the injury.
The symptoms of a subdural haematoma include the following: headache, confusion, dizziness, behaviour changes, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, apathy, weakness and seizures.
The diagnosis of a subdural haematoma is important because it can quickly lead to death from brain swelling and herniation. A doctor needs to have a high index of suspicion for a subdural haematoma and begin treatment of the disease as soon as possible. To fail to do so can be construed as malpractice. A CT scan or MRI scan needs to be done as soon as the patient has had a physical examination. It will show subdural blood. MRI scans are superior but CT scans are faster and more readily available at the hospital the patient shows up at. Angiography can be done by injecting dye into the arteries so that the actual areas of bleeding are detected on CT scan or plain films.
The treatment of subdural haematomas depends on how severe the brain damage is. Doctors can just wait to see what happens or can go straight to aggressive brain surgery immediately. Some emergency measure include burr hole trephination, which Is making a small hole over the area of bleeding allowing for blood to drain out and the pressure on the brain to decrease. In a craniotomy, a bigger section of the scull is removed to get at a bigger section of bleeding and clots. The removed skull is replaced right after the procedure. In a craniectomy, the section of skull is removed for a prolonged period of time to allow the brain to swell without damaging the brain. The piece of skull is removed as soon as the swelling is reduced.People who have a severe, acute subdural haematoma are often very sick and need to stay in an ICU on life support until they recover brain function. If the person is on blood thinners, these need to be stopped and things like platelets given to improve clotting. Medications are given in any case of subdural haematoma, including mannitol, which reduces brain swelling and epileptic drugs, which control seizures.
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