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If you have been injured in the UK by a healthcare professional including a doctor, dentist, nurse or technician in a surgery, hospital or clinic and would like to speak to a specialist medical negligence solicitor about Cervical Cancer without further obligation, just use the helpline. A medical negligence lawyer who deals exclusively in personal injury claims involving clinical negligence will speak to you, giving free advice and information on how best to preserve your legal right to receive compensation as a result of injuries caused by medical negligence. We operate using the no win no fee* scheme and you will not have to fund or finance your claim in any respect. In the event that the claim is successful the other side will pay our legal charges and if we are not successful you pay nothing at all. You have nothing to lose in taking up our offer of free advice and there is no further obligation should you decide not to pursue a claim further. We offer a true professional risk free service and you will only ever deal with a qualified, specialist medical negligence solicitor who answers to the Solicitors Regulation Authority. Do yourself justice and call our offices today.
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Cervical cancer begins in the narrow opening to the uterus, the cervix. There is the ectocervix, which is the part always on the outer part of the cervix, consisting of epithelial cells or squamous cells, endocervix, which consists of columnar cells and a transformation zone, which is the source of most of the precancerous cells. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell cancers (up to 90 percent of cases).
More than 1,000 women will be diagnosed per year in the UK with cervical cancer. A third of these women will die. It is the second most common type of cancer in women throughout the world but is also the most preventable because it grows slowly over time. Pap tests can detect early cancer and stop its growth before it goes on to full blown cancer. As pap tests increase, the rate of death from cervical cancer decreases. Most women who have been found to have abnormal cells on a pap test haven’t kept up to date on getting regular pap tests.
Cancer of the cervix usually occurs between the age of 35 and 55 years of age. Screening for cervical cancer should continue until the age of 70 years. Main cause of cervical cancer is human papillomavirus in 99 percent of cases. This is why immunization for human papillomavirus is so important. It is done in teen girls and up to the mid-twenties, where the woman is at highest risk of getting an HPV infection. Not all types of HPV viruses are covered but the main ones are.
It is vitally important that doctors screen regularly for cervical cancer and immunize against HPV so as to prevent serious cervical cancer from happening. Prevention is, in a sense, the treatment of cervical cancer.
Symptoms of more advanced cervical cancer disease include pain during intercourse, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or vaginal discharge. Eventually, pelvic pain begins to occur. Pain on urination and increased frequency of urination are symptoms you’ll find with severe cervical cancer. Because some of these symptoms are vague and related to other symptoms, you’ll need to work the patient up for cervical cancer as well as for other diseases.
The pap test is the best screening tests for cervical cancer. It can also show the presence of HPV infections in the cervix. If the PAP test is definitely abnormal, the doctor can go so far as to get biopsies of the tissues. Cervical dysplasia can be found on pap test or on biopsy. Biopsies are usually done with staining so that the areas of dysplasia show up better. The biopsy is done using a device called a culposcope that magnifies the cervix under a lighted scope. A culposcopic biopsy, a special tweezers is used to take a sampling of the tissue; the tissue is then examined under the microscope. In an endocervical curettage, a spoon shaped instrument called a curette is used to ream out the inside of the cervix; it requires no anaesthesia.
A cone biopsy involves taking a cone-shaped sample of tissue from the cervix to check for deeper cell involvement. It needs to be done under local anaesthesia and a culposcope. There are different kinds of cone biopsies that need varying amounts of anesthesia and tools to do the procedure with. Some need general anaesthesia in the operating room.
Additional tests are then done in order to check for lymph node spread or spread to other parts of the body. This is called “staging of a cancer.” The worse the stage, the greater is the risk of death. Staging may need to use a cystoscopy or proctoscopy. A CT scan of the body or MRI of the body are imaging studies that can look for metastatic cancerous areas. A PET scan is a radioactive study that shows where areas of the body are lighting up or not. These can all check for staging of cervical cancer.
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